IS A SEVERE HEALTH RISK
TO INFANTS AND CHILDREN
Lead is a toxic metal that is harmful to human health. Lead has no known value to the human body. The human body cannot tell the difference between lead and calcium.
Calcium is a mineral that strengthens the bones. Like calcium, lead remains in the bloodstream and body organs for a few months. What is not excreted is absorbed into bones, where it can collect for a lifetime.
Young children, those six years and younger, are at particular risk for lead POISON exposure. They have frequent hand-to-mouth activity and absorb lead more easily than do adults. Children's nervous systems are still undergoing development. Therefore, they are more susceptible to the effects of toxic agents.
Lead is also harmful to the developing fetuses of pregnant women.
No safe blood lead level in children has been determined. Lead can affect almost every organ and system in your body. The most sensitive is the central nervous system (brain), particularly in children. Lead also damages kidneys and the reproductive system. The effects are the same whether it is breathed or swallowed.
Low levels of lead in blood have been associated with:
Reduced IQ and attention span * Learning disabilities * Poor classroom performance, Hyperactivity * Behavioral problems * Impaired growth * Hearing loss.
Very high blood lead levels of lead can cause:
Severe neurological problems. These include coma, convulsions, and even death. The only method to determine a child's lead level is a blood lead test. The degree of harm from lead exposure depends on a number of factors including:
The frequency * Duration * Dose of the exposures(s)
Individual susceptibility factors (e.g., age, previous exposure history, nutrition, and health)
The degree of harm also depends on one's exposure to lead from the environment, including from: Air * Soil * Dust * Food * Water
Lead in drinking water is a significant contributor to the learning disability in infants and children, particularly for infants whose diet consists of baby food and formula prepared with contaminated drinking water. .
LEAD CONTAMINANT REDUCES THE LEARNING SKILLS IN INFANTS AND CHILDREN
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